Shar-Pei recurrent fever syndrome

The first thing to understand about Shar Pei fever is that, if treated promptly, it is not lethal. In fact, symptoms should begin to subside very fast with appropriate treatment. It’s crucial to understand that any Shar Pei dog could have the illness. Unfortunately, the causes and mechanisms of this phenomenon are not fully understood.

Shar Pei virus

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AnimalWised can investigate the potential causes, signs, and treatments of Shar Pei fever. By doing this, we can assist you in identifying the illness in its initial stages, allowing you to treat the patient as soon as feasible. We’ll also go over some of the ways a veterinarian might recommend such care.

Medico-legal Issues with Belgian Shepherd Malinois

The Belgian Shepherd Malinois, one of the smartest canine breeds, also stands out for having outstanding physical stamina and health. It is a working dog that stands out in particular for its high level of activity and requirement for adequate exercise. The Malinois can expect to live for 12 to 14 years if this is offered together with sufficient preventative treatment.

The Malinois is not a dog that is solely prized for their outward beauty but it is a working dog with significant physical and cognitive ability. This does not imply that the dog is not attractive. Despite being a pedigree dog, they have a low vulnerability to hereditary disorders because of their relative lack of genetic selection. 

the Belgian Shepherd Malinois’s hip dysplasia

One of the most prevalent disorders in dogs, particularly in large breeds and specimens, is the bone disorder hip dysplasia. It begins as a genetic abnormality of the coxofemoral joint, which connects the femur to the hip.

Shar Pei virus 2

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As a degenerative condition, it frequently leaves the dog lame and can be excruciatingly painful. Affected dogs have trouble learning basic skills like sitting down comfortably or even walking or climbing stairs. Hip dysplasia causes impairment and, in more severe situations, can leave a dog completely disabled.

One of the breeds of dogs most prone to hip dysplasia is the Belgian Shepherd Malinois

As a result, it’s critical to pay attention and take your dog to the doctor if you think they are exhibiting any of the following symptoms:


loss of enthusiasm for recreation and exercise

excessive tiredness

Having trouble with simple tasks like sitting or climbing stairs


While walking, swaying

the spinal column’s arc

stiffness in the hips and back legs’ muscles

Obesity and a sedentary lifestyle are important risk factors for hip dysplasia in dogs, however genetic susceptibility is the primary cause. Because of this, it’s imperative to always provide a balanced diet full of high-quality foods. 

The Belgian Shepherd Malinois has progressive retinal atrophy.

Another degenerative condition that can affect different species is progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), however it is more frequent in dogs and cats. Due to its hereditary heritage, the Belgian Shepherd Malinois is one of the breeds that is vulnerable to developing retinal atrophy.

The signs and symptoms of PRA typically develop over time. The breed and type of afflicted photoreceptor cells (such as rod, cone, or both) determine how they differ. 

But these are the most typical signs of this illness in dogs:

Vision issues:

Since rod cells are typically impaired first in retinal atrophy, the loss of night vision (also known as nyctalopia) is typically the first sign. The dog may then get hemeralopia, or daytime blindness. PRA can occasionally make it difficult to see moving objects.

Pupillary dilation:

Certain ‘failures’ in the eyes’ capacity to react to light are brought on by retinal atrophy. As a result, affected dogs usually experience mydriasis, or dilated pupils. Due to excessive brightness, they may also have a greenish, orange, or yellowish colour (retinal hyperpigmentation).

Cataracts are a subsequent result of the degeneration of the retina and are brought on by the aberrant secretions that are brought on by ocular injury.

in the Belgian Shepherd Malinois, retinal dysplasia

Retinal dysplasia is a progressive deterioration in dogs’ visual capacity, resulting from abnormal retina development, prenatal herpes virus, trauma, canine parvovirus, toxins, and excessive solar radiation. Mild cases show no symptoms, while more acute cases involve 

Shar Pei virus 3

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unusual behaviors like colliding with objects or avoiding darker areas. Belgian Shepherd Malinois is one of the most likely breeds to develop retinal dysplasia, along with other breeds like Beagle, Labrador Retriever, Yorkshire Terrier, Cocker Spaniel, Akita, and Rottweiler. Other more prevalent diseases in Belgian Shepherd Malinois include epilepsy, thyroid disease, and pannus.

How to shield dogs from illness

There are some diseases that cannot always be prevented from developing, particularly those that have genetic or inherited causes. However, if we pay attention to their care requirements, the health of Belgian Shepherd Malinois can be considerably improved. This entails giving them a ton of exercise and making sure their needs for both physical and mental stimulation are addressed. This breed is not one that will tolerate sedentary lifestyles and indoor dwelling. Even if their physical health is in good shape, they may likely develop behavioural issues if they do not get enough exercise.

Malinois are essential working dogs that require basic training to keep them occupied and stimulated. They require vaccinations, deworming, and a healthy diet for overall well-being. Common diseases in dogs include dental problems, skin diseases, and food allergies. It is important to note that AnimalWised does not prescribe veterinary treatment or diagnose any conditions, so it is recommended to take your pet to a veterinarian if they experience any issues.

Shar Pei fever: what is it?

Familial Shar Pei fever is another name for Shar Pei fever. This is because it is thought that the disorder is genetically inherited. Researchers have conducted countless investigations on the issue, but they have not yet been able to pinpoint its precise source.

Some studies have hypothesized that an excess of hyaluronic acid is one of the reasons of this disease[1]. Their distinctive skin folds and wrinkles are caused by this element in their skin. This hasn’t been officially confirmed, yet. What is known is that the fever that Shar Pei dogs experience is a defence mechanism that is triggered when the dog contracts a disease of some kind.

Some Shar Pei fever researchers believe that humans may have indirectly caused the disease. Comparing images of Shar Pei dogs from about a century ago reveals that they have a very different morphology (physical form). The number of wrinkles has dramatically increased, which is one of the most noticeable variations. If it turns out that these wrinkles are related to Shar Pei fever, it was the interbreeding that caused them. Even if this is not the case, it is nevertheless conceivable, if not probable, that the urge to breed pedigree dogs in order to achieve a particular physical form may have resulted in genetic defects.

the Shar Pei fever symptoms

The following are the main signs of Shar Pei fever:

The actual fever (measurements ranging from 39°C (102°F) to 42°C (107.6°F))

joint inflammation in one or more joints

The muzzle is inflamed.

Uncomfortable stomach

Having no appetite



Dogs with this condition are more prone to exhibit these symptoms before the age of 18 months because it is most likely a congenital disease. However, it is usual for symptoms to appear in dogs between the ages of 3 and 4 years.

The ‘hock’ is the joint that is most commonly afflicted by the inflammation brought on by Shar Pei fever. This joint can be found on the upper portion of the shin and the lower portion of the leg. It is the focal point of the flexing and contracting actions of the hind limbs. In many cases of Shar Pei fever, the region surrounding the joint becomes inflamed rather than the joint itself. The dog experiences a great deal of pain from the inflammation of the muzzle, which if not treated right away might also affect the lips.

How to treat Shar Pei fever

We want to emphasize once more the significance of bringing your dog to the veterinarian as soon as you notice these symptoms before discussing any treatments for Shar Pei fever. This expert will be able to provide a precise diagnosis, eliminate any other problems, and recommend the best course of action.

Your dog will likely begin taking a course of antipyretics if your veterinarian finds that their temperature is above 39°C. These medications are made to lower the actual fever.

How to treat Shar Pei fever

We want to emphasize once more the significance of bringing your dog to the veterinarian as soon as you notice these symptoms before discussing any treatments for Shar Pei fever. This expert will be able to provide a precise diagnosis, eliminate any other problems, and recommend the best course of action.

Your dog will likely begin taking a course of antipyretics if your veterinarian finds that their temperature is above 39°C. These medications are made to lower the actual fever.

Shar Pei fever typically disappears within 24-36 hours in dogs undergoing treatment. Antibiotics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used to relieve pain and inflammation in the muzzle and joints. Treatment is controlled to prevent progression and prevent amyloidosis. In 2011, research suggested a genetic approach for prevention, as the gene responsible for Shar Pei wrinkles was found to cause the fever. Breeders can identify dogs with duplications of this genetic mutation and avoid breeding them.

It is unusual for the fever to linger in dogs receiving treatment because it often goes away within 24 and 36 hours. If this occurs, they might suggest giving an antibiotic. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications are used to treat joint and muzzle pain and inflammation.

Given that it may have some negative effects, this treatment needs to be fairly regulated. There isn’t actually a treatment for Shar Pei fever. Instead, the symptoms are managed to stop them from getting worse and give the body time to heal itself. Amyloidosis, a more serious and sometimes fatal illness, can develop if this does not occur.

Although there is a cure for amyloidosis, it can be fatal and is quite aggressive. This is due to the fact that, typically within a period of two years, the dog’s organs might be harmed to the point where kidney failure or heart attacks are conceivable. Please alert your veterinarian if you have a Shar Pei in your family who has experienced either amyloidosis or Shar Pei fever. They will be able to advise you on how to provide them the best possible quality of life. This is especially true if they produce any children.