Cats Dealing with Mouth Ulcers
Mouth ulcers in cats can occur for a variety of reasons. Plaque accumulation to feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is one example. Mouth ulcers usually emerge as tiny, open sores in the cat’s mouth. The most typical symptoms, especially if left untreated, are bleeding and pain. If you notice ulcers in your cat’s mouth or other signs that lead you to believe he or she is developing ulcers, contact your veterinarian right away to discover the reason and develop a treatment plan.
In the accompanying AnimalWise article, we define mouth ulcers in cats and discuss the most prevalent causes and treatments.
What exactly are feline mouth ulcers?
Mouth ulcers are a major cause of discomfort in cats that often goes undiagnosed. Mouth ulcers are oral cavity lesions defined by a localised loss of the epithelium that makes up the oral mucosa. These lesions can be solitary or many, vary in size, and are often well delineated and reddish in colour. These ulcers can also occur on the tongue, gums, floor of the mouth, or even the lips or nose.
Mouth ulcers are not only irritating for the cat, but they can easily become infected. These infections, if left untreated, can progress to a more serious situation and impair the cat’s ability to swallow and talk.
Mouth ulcers in cats differ from those in humans caused by the herpes virus. Symptoms include redness, irritation, and gum changes, with some cases causing white or yellow gums. Cats may express discomfort through vocalizations, scratching, and grooming cessation.
Anorexia can be partial or full. Anorexia can be caused by a decrease of appetite or difficulties gripping, chewing, and swallowing food. In any situation, considerable weight loss may occur. Vomiting may occur in some instances.
Changes in salivation: Cats might have either a dry mouth or an excessive amount of saliva.
These symptoms may arise alone or in conjunction with other systemic indicators, depending on the origin of the ulcers.
Cats are experts at hiding indications of suffering. As a result, it’s impossible to discern if they’re in pain. Continue reading this other post to find out how to identify whether your cat is in discomfort.
Cat mouth ulcer causes
Oral ulcers in cats can be caused by a variety of circumstances. The most common cause is bad dental hygiene. Plaque and germs on the surface of the teeth might eventually cause these painful sores as well as throat and mouth inflammation.
A thorough examination of the cat’s mouth is required to discover any signs of pain or tension. It can be done at home or by a veterinarian, particularly if the cat is in discomfort or stressed. Before taking the cat to the veterinarian, ask someone to help restrain the cat and gently open the jaws. Take the cat to the vet if it displays signs of pain or stress.
A thorough examination of the cat’s medical history, including dental records, is usually performed. A series of complementary tests, such as blood profiles, electrolyte panels, urine tests, antibody tests, and biopsy and histopathological analysis, are needed to determine the cause of the ulcer. Treatment of oral ulcers depends on the underlying cause, with two approaches: symptomatic treatment, which promotes healing and relieving pain, and primary treatment, which may involve medical or surgical treatment.
Time is of the essence when treating oral ulcers, as infection can worsen the situation. It is essential to take care of your cat’s teeth for good health.