Recovery and Wound Healing After Female Cat Spaying

Incision Healing for Cat Spays

Image Credit:Kim Tashjian

As long as the measures outlined by your veterinarian are strictly followed, the healing process of a cat’s spay incision will probably go without incident. While some cats may react differently than others, it’s crucial to keep in mind that this is a safe treatment that offers both the cat and the guardian significant advantages. Different spaying methods can result in varying degrees of wound healing, but a capable and responsible veterinarian should permit a quick recovery from the incision. This involves taking precautions to keep the cat away from the wound. There are instances, sadly, where the cat’s wound can spread an infection. This makes it crucial that you are aware of the signs of a cat spay infection and the various treatments.

Healing of a cat spay incision

Female cats can be sterilized in a variety of ways, although spaying is the most advised method. Since the cat’s uterus and ovaries are both removed during this treatment, it is known as an ovariohysterectomy. This not only keeps the cat from getting pregnant, but it also reduces the hormone levels that affect the cat’s reproductive behavior. Cats who have been spayed are therefore devoid of a heat cycle.

The cat also benefits from spaying since it prevents the cat from contracting problems of the reproductive system. Additionally, it implies that they are not frustrated by their heat cycle when they are unable to mate with a male. Guardians won’t even get near their pet. 

Spaying cats has advantages that go beyond those of the particular cat and the owner. Every year, too many cats are turned away from adoption because there is such a high demand on animal shelters. As a result, many of these are needlessly eliminated. Because of this, spaying cats helps prevent unintended pregnancies and enables us to care for and protect animals in need. Our article on the ideal time to neuter a cat will help you learn when this should be done.

We can examine the stages of the ovariohysterectomy surgical procedure in cats to better understand the healing of the cat spay incision:

The cat is given general anesthesia even though the treatment is normal.

To prevent infection, a little portion of their abdomen region is shaved and sterilized.

A 1 to 4 cm incision is made behind the cat’s umbilical scar (belly button), and any excess fat is removed.

The first ovary remains connected after the first uterine horn is removed. The blood vessels have been tied off and clamped. The second uterine horn and ovary undergo the same procedure.

After that, the uterine body is excised, ligated, and extracted.

The incision is closed by suturing the skin and abdominal wall.

The specifics of a spaying process can vary depending on the area and the veterinarian[1]. The fundamental process is the same, though. The type of sutures used will also rely on the veterinarian and their access to them. Although stainless steel sutures have been utilized, synthetic absorbable sutures are significantly more prevalent[2]. Absorbable sutures facilitate the cat’s recovery by requiring no post-procedure removal.

Even while veterinary medicine’s higher standard of care and absorbable sutures make it easier for us to avoid infection, it’s possible that the cat spay incision’s healing process could be slowed down. We examine what transpires after an infection develops at a cat’s spay incision.

Cat spay incision infection causes

The cat spay incision healing procedure shouldn’t be difficult if you follow the precautions recommended by the vet. Many of these precautions are in place to stop the cat from licking the incision site where they may have had their spay done in order to soothe any discomfort they may be experiencing. The cat runs the risk of spreading secondary bacteria and infecting the wound if it is able to lick the incision.

Similar to this, bacteria can be introduced when the cat’s incision comes into contact with a soiled surface. The veterinarian will also prescribe preventive medications to stop any infection because germs can be found in almost any place. In order to lessen pain and inflammation, they will also prescribe anti-inflammatory medications.

We must fasten an E-collar or Elizabethan collar around the cat’s neck to prevent it from gaining access to the incision where their spay was performed. The benefit is that they prevent the cat from licking their incision, even though many cats won’t enjoy them at first. Additionally, we must make sure the cat cannot access the outside and that any areas to which they have access are immaculately clean.

Even if we might want to comfort our cat, we must refrain from handling and handling them. Both opening the sutures and introducing microorganisms to the incision site are possible with a spay incision. If there are other cats or animals in the house, they must be kept apart while the wound is healing.

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Image Credit:Rebecca Care

There are additional issues that can impair the healing process even though post-surgical wound infections are typically the main consequence of a cat’s spay procedure. These are a few of them:

Dehiscence of the suture:

A blow or self-injury causes the suture to open, necessitating a new surgical procedure.

Fluid accumulation:

brought on by the emergence of seromas and abscesses.

indications of an infection around a cat spay.

Although the aforementioned safety measures ought to ensure that the cat spay incision heals without complications, it’s still possible for an incision wound to get an infection. This risk is significantly increased if we ignored the veterinarian’s recommendations.

You will need to routinely check the cat’s incision wound and search for the following indications of infection:


swelling or pain that doesn’t go away

the lymph node closest to the incision growing larger

pus discharge Bad wound odor

Redness around the incision

a rise in temperature or localized pain

Treatment for cat spay incision infections

Maintaining adequate wound sanitization is one of the most crucial considerations to make in order for your cat’s wound to heal correctly and avoid becoming infected. This is accomplished when the wound is clearly clean and scab-free. The best practice is to clean the wound two to three times day with solutions such diluted povidone-iodine or cat-specific chlorhexidine. on clean the wound, use these products on gauze while applying light pressure. To avoid introducing bacteria, clean the wound from the inside out.

The cat must not lick or bite an infected spay incision in order for it to recover correctly. 

Sutures in a cat’s spay incision are open.

It is best to see the vet clinic if your cat’s sterilization wound has opened because she removed them herself. Once the wound is opened, bacteria can enter much more easily and lead to an infection. Bacteria from the surroundings can get into the wound even though the cat is still unable to lick it. An infection can be extremely harmful and perhaps fatal for the cat because the wound is on the belly and leaves an entry to its important organs.

Cleaning the wound with chlorhexidine, diluted povidone-iodine, or warm water combined with neutral soap is a first-aid procedure. This will effectively stave against infection. Applying home remedies for cat spay incision infections is not advised.

The best approach to guarantee that the cat spay incision heals

Even though using an E-collar on a cat is a tried-and-true way to keep the cat from accessing the stitches, issues with the incision’s healing process can still arise. The stitches could be accidently opened by household pets or kids touching them. The cat might climb atop a structure and fall, opening their sutures. Opening the freshly produced skin might lead to severe scars and discomfort even if an infection doesn’t develop.

Because of this, we could wish to look for a more thorough approach to safeguarding our cat’s wound. The usage of a cat wound recovery suit is one such technique. 

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Image Credit:CARES Cat shelter

They attach to the cat so that they cover their abdomen, but they don’t have the neck-mounted plastic cone that some cats find agitating.

Even while some cats may still find them uncomfortable, they often work well, and the majority of cats will treat them like a second skin. Check out how buying a cat wound recovery suit from veterinarian offices or internet merchants like Amazon might aid in your cat’s spay incision healing process: