Identifying Signs and Exploring Treatment for Dog Kidney Failure

Dog's Kidney Failure

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Kidney failure or renal insufficiency in dogs is the term used to describe a disorder that affects either one or both kidneys. This condition impacts how these organs function. Acute signs of chronic renal failure might sometimes be present. This is the end consequence of a dog’s kidney failure degenerating over time.

Renal failure is more common in dogs over 10 years old, causing incontinence and increased urine elimination. Older dogs may experience heart problems, while younger dogs may develop kidney failure due to other pathologies like leishmania, poisoning, urinary obstruction, or heat stroke. It is crucial to check for kidney disease in dogs at least once a year to detect early signs.

In order to evaluate whether your dog has renal failure, we will look at its causes, symptoms, and appropriate therapies in this AnimalWised article. It is important to remember that

Canine kidney disease

The kidneys are in charge of purifying the blood and removing waste products through the urine. The body will attempt to make up for any failures in this system, which can occur for a variety of reasons. As a result, symptoms occasionally don’t show up until the damage is quite severe. Dogs with kidney illness may exhibit acute or persistent symptoms. Polydipsia (increased water intake) and polyuria (increased urination) are the most typical symptoms. The distinction between the two situations is that a dog with acute renal failure would experience fast onset of symptoms, leading to a major clinical issue. In a chronic condition, symptoms last for months and the kidneys gradually degrade until they are no longer able to function.

Signs of canine renal failure

Dog's Kidney Failure 2

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Symptoms of renal failure in dogs typically include those listed below:

As we’ve already mentioned, one of the most typical signs of kidney disease in dogs is polyuria. However, the dog may also experience anuria, which is the entire cessation of urination.


The dog drinks more water to make up for the fluids lost.

diarrhea and vomiting, perhaps combined with bleeding.



overall thinning, unattractiveness, low physical condition, and muscle weakness.


Oral ulcers and/or unpleasant odour.

Additionally, there could be edema (fluid in the limbs) and ascites (fluid accumulation in the belly).

shock-like condition and, eventually, coma.

Kidney disease in dogs can be diagnosed through urine and blood tests. Urine density is crucial for concentrating, while blood tests measure creatinine and urea levels, anemia, and SDMA. Early diagnosis is crucial for treatment. Other tests, such as blood pressure tests and abdominal ultrasounds, can also aid in diagnosis.

treatment for canine renal failure

Intensive veterinary care is necessary in situations of acute renal failure in dogs. Along with medications that help the animal stay stable and regulate their symptoms, this will also likely involve hospitalization and hydration therapy.

The following elements are frequently used in the management of canine renal disease in chronic cases:


In the market, we may obtain canned goods and feed that have been particularly made to take care of the kidneys. The food a dog eats must be nourishing and rich in high-quality proteins. Furthermore, giving your dog wet food might improve its consumption of water, which is important for these animals.

If you choose to feed your dog a natural diet, be sure to speak with a veterinarian to make sure the food is appropriate for their health.


Make sure your dog is properly hydrated. A veterinarian can determine whether serum should be given intravenously, subcutaneously, or orally. We advocate providing dogs more opportunities to urinate in order to make them more comfortable.

Drugs for symptom control: 

These can be used to address symptoms brought on by the condition, such as drugs used to control vomiting.

Prescribed medications for maintenance are those that work to improve the animal’s quality of life. Scientific research demonstrates the effectiveness of some of these medications in extending sick dogs’ lives

Veterinary follow-up: 

Depending on how the disease is progressing, it is practical to repeat these tests twice or more a year. Additionally, comprehensive veterinarian control enables you to treat emerging symptoms as soon as they show up, improving your animal’s quality of life.

Symptoms And Treatment For Kidney Failure In My Dog – Canine kidney failure treatment

Does a dog with kidney failure ever recover?

One or both kidneys may become damaged in dogs with renal failure. Although it’s possible that the dog will sustain injuries that are irreparable, in severe circumstances the dog can be cured. The prescribed treatment will only be able to reduce symptoms and attempt to maintain the quality of life in chronic instances because they are incurable and progressing. 

Dog's Kidney Failure 3

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How long will a canine with kidney failure live?

Depending on its severity, veterinarians divide canine renal insufficiency into a number of phases. The longer the life expectancy, the gentler the phase. An increase in life expectancy is encouraged by early intervention. Four stages are distinguished by this classification, with I being the lightest and IV being the most serious. The prognosis will worsen in the latter two phases when symptoms start to manifest, further complicating the situation. A dog with renal failure in these circumstances will only live for a few months. So, when choosing a course of therapy, it is important to consider both the quantity and, if possible, the quality of life.